Chronology of Dubrovnik from 600 A.D until 1808.

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7th century

614

The Roman refugees from Epidaurum established their settlement at the rock called Laus. The Slavs established their settlement at the foot of mountain Srđ.

667

The name of the town was firs mentioned by an anonymous from Ravena.


9th century

8th century - 16th century

City Walls complex, 1940 meters long and up to 40 meters high, was built.

866 - 867

Arabs (Saracens) attacked Dubrovnik. Byzantine Emperor sent his ships to help Dubrovnik and break the 15 month long siege.


10th

972

St. Vlaho (St. Blasius) has been chosen as the patron saint of Dubrovnik. His image was impressed on seals and coins, carved in a stone, and painted on banners. The St. Vlaho's day is celebrated until today on February 3.

992

Dubrovnik was burned and devastated by Macedonian Emperor Samuilo.

999

Dubrovnik became an Archbishopy and Metropolis. Until 1089 Kotor, Ulcinj, Bar and some other bishopies were under its rule.

10th century - 11th century

The canal between Roman and Slav settlements was filled. The settlements became one unit and spread from the sea to the foot of the mountain hill. A wall encircled the whole area.

1000

Dubrovnik officially recognized the role of Venetian Duke Pietro II Orseolo.


11th

1018

Dubrovnik returned under the protection of Byzantine Empire.

1022

The first written document of Dubrovnik's origin - the Benedictines receved the Island of Lokrum as a gift.

1023

People in the town are divided into patricians and commoners, and a new class, the nobles, is mentioned for the first time.

1038

Fort Lovrjenac is built. It bears a famous inscription NON BENE PRO TOTO LIBERTAS VENDITUR AURO(Liberty can not be sold for all gold of the world).

1081 - 1085

Dubrovnik recognized the sovereignty of Normans. With Norman help they entered the markets of South Italy, Apulia, and Sicily.


12th

1148

Dubrovnik contracted its first known trade agreement. That agreement allowed the town of Molfetta and Dubrovnik the freedom to trade without payment of port fees.

1161

Arabian scholar, El-Idrisi, wrote in his book that "Dubrovnik was the last town of Croatia".

1167

Dubrovnik came under the administration of Byzant.

1169

Dubrovnik signed trade agreement with Pisa, which enabled Dubrovnik to enjoy the same privileges as Pisa throughout Levanat, Constantinopole, and areas of Syria and Gibraltar.

1172

Venice domination over Dubrovnik

1173

Dubrovnik accepted the protection of Normans and freed itself from Venetian rule.

1185

Stefan Nemanja, Serbian sovereign, attacked Dubrovnik. Peace was signed in 1186. By that peace contract Dubrovnik had the freedom of trade for the land of Raska.

1188

Dubrovnik signed the trade agreement with Ravenna.

1189

Bosnian sovereign, Kulin Ban, allowed the people of Dubrovnik the liberty of trading in Bosnia without paying taxes. In that agreement the name of Dubrovnik appeared for the first time.

1190

The law granting free entrance to the town of some criminals and debtors at the day of St. Vlaho, was passed.

1192

Dubrovnik signed trade agreements with the towns of Fana and Ancona.


13th

1201

Dubrovnik signed trade agreements with Monopoli, Bari, and Termoli.

1207

Dubrovnik and Kotor formed an alliance.

1210 - 1231

Dubrovnik contracted trade agreements with towns of Villigia, Justiniana, Ferrara, and Rimini, and got the right for free trading at the territories of Albania, Serbia, and Bulgaria. The Dominicans came to town.

1234

Dubrovnik signed trade agreements with the towns of Split and Šibenik, Raska rulers, and Bosnian Ban.

1235

The Great and Small Councils are mentioned for the first time. The Friars Minors settled in Dubrovnik.

1236

Venice dominates Dubrovnik. Dubrovnik ships were not allowed to use the ports of Ancona and Premantura except when carrying cargo to Venice

1238 - 1242

Trade agreements with Corfu and Ulcinj were signed by Dubrovnik's people.

1272

The Statute of Dubrovnik was founded containing different laws and regulations regarding internal and external life of the community, administration, trade, maritime law, crafts, urban regulations for the development of the town, sewage, etc. This 8-book Statute is one of the oldest in Europe.

1278

From this year on all fiscal books and other files from the archives were maintained. The Dubrovnik Archive become a very important source of information.

1290

The Claris Monastery at Puncela was built.

1296

The huge fire devastated a large portion of the town. After that Dubrovnik's new urban plan was developed.


14th

1301

From this year on minutes were taken at the meetings of the Great and Small Council and senate.

1315

The Dominican Church was erected.

1319

Minčeta tower was built.

1333

Dubrovnik bought the territory of Ston and Pelješac from Raska rulers.

1337

Franciscan Monastery is built in the transitional Romanesque-Gothic style.

The official mint factory in the building called Divona (previously the town's customs house) started to operate. The first coin was minted. Until 1803. Dubrovnik minted its own money, the perpera, which was a convertible currency.

1345

Mljet was included in Dubrovnik's territory.

1346 - 1557

Fortress St. Ivan was built in four stages.

1346

The town port was protected during the night with a thick steel chain that streched from the breakwater Kaše to the tower of St. Luka.

1347

The first hospital Domus Christi was built.

1348

Almost 8000 citizens died of "black death" (plague).

1351

Firearms appeared for the first time in Dubrovnik.

1352

The Jewish community was mentioned for the first time.

1358

The aristocracy took over the role of the town.

1368

St. Vlaho (St. Blasius) church was built. Later destroyed in earthquake.

1371

From this year on, the city was officially represented by the Rector and Council of Dubrovnik.

1377

Dubrovnik was among the first ports to introduce a quarantine for ships and passengers. The first quarantines were at the Islands of Mrkan and Bobara. Later on they were moved closer to the town, at Lazareti, Ploce.

1396

The Sultan gave Dubrovnik a letter of guarantee confirming them a liberty of trade at his territory.

1397

The construction of the City Clock Tower began.


15th

15th century

The Synagogue is built. It is said to be the oldest in the Balkans and the third oldest in Europe. It functioned throughout the Second World War.

1406 - 1413

The last 200 wooden houses in the town were demolished and replaced with stone. Dubrovnik was completely built in stone.

1416

Dubrovnik abolished slave trading

1417

The first manufacture in the Balkans was established in Dubrovnik by Petar Pantella.

1418

The Orlando Column was erected as the symbol of the town's autonomy

1419

Dubrovnik bought the territory of East Konavle from Duke Sandalj Hrndić.

1420

The pharmacy was founded.

1423

The glass factory was opened.

1423 - 1427

Blaž Jurije Trogiranin painted his famous painting Crucifixion in St. Nicholas church in Ston.

1426

Dubrovnik bought the western part of Konavle and Cavtat. By this it rounded off its territory and stopped the extensions on other territories.

1428

The law about workers protection in textile manufactures was passed by the Great Council as the first law of that kind in Croatia.

1435

The first public school was opened.

1438 - 1444

Water supply system and two fountains, the Big and Small Onofrio's Fountain were built.

1441

The government appointed the first consul in Ancona.

The Small Fountain was built by Petar Martinov

1442

Coral diving developed in the seas around the Elafiti Islands.

1496

Pieta at the church of Male Brače was built by Paskoje Miličević.

1450

Consulates were opened in Barltta, Bari, Siracusa, Manfredonia, Pesaro, Ortona, and later on in Naples, Poligano, Termoli, Augusta, Malta, Marseille, etc.

1461 - 1465

Fortress Minčeta was built according to the design of Michelozzo Michelozzi and Juraj Dalmatinac.

1461 - 1570

Fortress Bokar was built after the design of Michelozzo Michelozzi and still "protects" the entrance to the harbor.

1468

The channel between two parts of the town was paved and Stradun, the main street, was created.

1471

Pile gate was built after the design of Paskoje Miličević.


16th

1500 - 1538

The tower of Revelin was built.

1506

Ivan Rabljanin forged the bell at the town's bell tower which hangs till today.

1516 - 1522

The Custom House (Divona, today Sponza) was built after the design of Paskoje Miličević in Ghotic - Renaissance style.

1520 - 1528

Church Sv. Spasa was built.

1526

The town of Dubrovnik recognized the sovereignty of the Turkish Sultan and under his protection the town remained until 1808.

1540

The Domus Christy public state hospital was built. It was the first in the Balkans.

1575

The capital of Dubrovnik citizens was taxed by authorities and placed into foreign banks. This was done to prevent leakage of money from the state.

1581

A large salt store house built in Mali Ston.

1580 - 1600

Dubrovnik had more ships than ever before: 170-200 large ships. The Dubrovnik ships were regarded as the best in the Mediterranean (merchant ships were called Argosy).


17th

1667

The Great Earthquake destroyed Dubrovnik. What remained untouched after the earthquake was consumed by fire.

Between 2000 and 3000 people survived and more than 4000 people died under the ruins.


18th

1713

New Cathedral in Roman baroque style was built at the place of the one that was destroyed in the earthquake. That Cathedral still exists.

1705 - 1717

St. Vlaho church was built in Baroque style after the designs of Marino Gropelli.

1725

The Jesuit church was built.

1806

Dubrovnik was occupied by Napoleon's general Lauriston.

1808

By the decision of Marshal Marmont the Dubrovnik Republic was abolished, and all its territory placed under the French rule.


Last update: 31.3.2016